Gastrit nedir?

eritematöz antral gastrit

Gastrit aniden (akut gastrit) veya zamanla yavaşça ortaya çıkabilir (kronik gastrit). Bazı durumlarda, ülserlere ve mide kanseri riskinde artışa neden olabileceği bildirilmektedir.

GASTRİT NEDİR?

Gastrit kısaca mide zarının(gastrik mukoza ) iltihaplanmasıdır. Gastrit iltihabı çoğu zaman mide ülserlerine neden olan Helicobacter pylori (HP) bakterisi ile enfeksiyonun sonucudur. Gastrit mide yüzey dokusunun (mukozanın), mide asidinin fazla salgılanmasından dolayı aşınması nedeniyle iltihaplanması sonucu ortaya çıkar. Gastrointestinal bakteriyel bir enfeksiyon da gastrite neden olabilir. Buna neden olan en yaygın bakteriyel enfeksiyon Helicobacter pylori’nin. Midenin yüzeyinde enfeksiyona neden olur. Enfeksiyon genellikle kişiden kişiye bulaşır, ancak bu bakteri ile bulaşık yiyecek veya su yoluyla da bulaşabilir. Bazı koşullar ve aktiviteler gastrit gelişme riskinizi artırabilir.

Gastrit için risk faktörleri;

– Alkol tüketimi
– Aspirin benzeri steroid olmayan antienflamatuar ilaçların (NSAID’ler) (ağrı kesici ilaçlar)kullanımı( ilaç kutusunun üzerinde “antienflamatuar” veya “antiflojistik” yazısı görürseniz “analjezik” yazmasa da bu ilaçlar NSAİ sınıfında anılır.Bu ilaçlar her zaman kullanıyor olsanız da günün birinde mide kanamasına bile yol açabilir)
– Yaş, yaşın artmasıyla birlikte ( daha çok atrofik Gastrit şeklinde ) mide mukozasının incelip aist salgılayan hücrelerin azalamasıyla birlikte , gastrit görülme oranı artar.
– Tütün kullanımı

-Safra ( ince bağırsaktan mide içine geri gelen safralı sıvı) ( safra gastriti-safra gastritine -alkalen gastrit ) neden olur.

-Aşırı baharatlı, acılı yiyecekler

– Ciddi yaralanma, hastalık veya ameliyattan kaynaklanan stres
– Otoimmün bozukluklar
– Crohn hastalığı gibi sindirim bozuklukları
– Viral enfeksiyonlar

GASTRİT BELİRTİLERİ NELERDİR?

Gastrit herkeste belirgin semptomlara neden olmaz. Çoğunlukla belirti vermez.

En yaygın belirtiler:

– Midede rahatsızlık, dolgunluk ve yanma hissi
– Mide bulantısı
– Kusma
– Özellikle yemeklerden sonra dolgunluk hissi
– Hazımsızlık
– Göbek ve alt kaburgalar arasında hissedilen kalıcı ağrı
– İlerlemiş gastrit düzeyinde mide mukozasının çok fazla aşınmasından dolayı kanlı kusma (Kusmadan dolayı ortaya çıkan sıvı çoğunlukla kahve kıvamındadır.)

GASTRİT TEDAVİSİ

Genellikle belirti vermediğinden tedavi gerekmez.

Neden biliniyorsa , nedene yönelik tedavi yapılır.

 NSAID’lerin veya diğer ilaçların neden olduğu gastritiniz varsa, bu ilaçlardan kaçınmak semptomlarınızı hafifletmek için yeterli olabilir. H. pylori’nin bir sonucu olan gastrit, rutin olarak bu bakterilere karşı etkili antibiyotiklerle tedavi edilir.

Antibiyotiklere ek olarak, gastrit tedavisinde birkaç başka ilaç türü kullanılır.

Omeprazol, lansoprazol, rabeprazol ve pantoprazol içeren ilaçlar bu ilaçlardandır. Ayrıca mide asidini nötralize eden antasitler de tedavi için kullanılan ilaçlar arasındadır. Bu ilaçların kullandırılmasının amacı mide asidinin nötralize ederek asiditenin düşürülmesi sağlanarak belirtilerin ortadan kaldırılmasıdır. Ancak en etkili tedavi yöntemi hastaların yaşam tarzlarını ve beslenme alışkanlıklarını değiştirmeleridir. Daha az ve sık öğünlerle beslenmek mide asidinin etkilerini azaltacaktır. Aşırı baharatlı, asidik, kızarmış veya yağlı besinleri daha az tüketmek, aşırı alkol tüketiminden kaçınmak, ağrı kesicilerin mutlaka kullanılması gerekiyorsa ,değiştirilmesi gastritin önüne geçecektir.

Önerilebilen;

Gastrit Diyeti

Özellikle mide rahatsızlıklarının tedavisinde tüketilen gıdalara dikkat etmek ve disiplinli bir diyet uygulamak çok önemlidir.

  • Ekşi, tuzlu ve baharatlı yiyeceklerden kaçının.
  • Su biriken toksinleri vücuttan temizlemeye yardımcı olur, her gün en az 8-9 bardak su için.
  • Gazlı içecekler, çay, kahve ve alkolden uzak durun.
  • 30-45 dakika boyunca düzenli yürüyüş rahatlama sağlayabilir.
  • İşlenmiş ve fermente (sucuk,salam,sosis,pastırma gibi) gıdalardan kaçının.
  • Öğünlerinize nar, muz, elma, üzüm, Hindistan cevizi suyu gibi meyveleri ekleyin.
  • Öğünlerinize zencefil, zerdeçal gibi bitkileri ekleyin.

Gastrit Bitkisel Tedavisi (diyet uzmanı tarafından öneriler)

Gastrit bitkisel tedavisi rezene tohumu

Yemekten sonra yarım çay kaşığı rezene tohumunun düzenli çiğnenmesi midede yanma hissini hafifletmeye yardımcı olur.

Gastrit bitkisel tedavisi kimyon tohumu

Kimyon tohumlarını ince bir toz haline getirin. 1 litre suya yarım çay kaşığı kimyon tohumu ekleyin ve suyu 2 dakika kaynatın ve filtreleyin. Bu suyu normal su yerine düzenli olarak içirin. Ancak, her gün taze su hazırlayın.

Gastrit nedir?” üzerine 9 düşünce

  • 9 Mart 2022, 22:17
    Permalink

    Ηеllo аll, guys! I know, mу meѕѕagе may be tоo ѕpеcіfіc,
    Βut my sistеr found niсe man here and they marrіеd, ѕo һоw abоut mе?ǃ 🙂
    I аm 27 уeаrѕ old, Lina, from Ukrаіne, I know Еnglіѕһ аnd German lаnguаgeѕ аlѕo
    And… I һave ѕресіfіс disеase, nаmеd nymрһоmania. Whо knоw wһаt іs tһіѕ, can undеrstаnd me (better tо sаy іt іmmediаtеly)
    Αh yеѕ, I сoоk vеry taѕtyǃ аnd I lovе nоt оnly сook ;))
    Im rеаl gіrl, nоt рrоstitutе, and loоking for seriоuѕ аnd һot relаtionѕһiр…
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  • 19 Mart 2022, 19:16
    Permalink

    Нello all, guys! I know, my mеsѕage may bе too spеcific,
    But my ѕіѕtеr found nіce man herе and they mаrried, ѕо hоw abоut me?! 🙂
    Ι аm 23 yeаrs old, Alenа, frоm Ukrainе, I knоw Εngliѕh and Gеrmаn lаnguages аlѕo
    Аnd… Ι hаve ѕpecіfіс disease, named nymрhоmaniа. Ԝho know whаt іs thіѕ, cаn underѕtаnd mе (bеttеr tо sаy it іmmediatelу)
    Аh yеѕ, Ι сооk vеrу tаsty! аnd Ι lоve not оnlу cook ;))
    Ιm rеal gіrl, nоt proѕtitute, аnd lооking fоr ѕeriouѕ аnd hot rеlаtіоnѕhiр…
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  • 1 Mayıs 2022, 09:20
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  • 23 Mayıs 2022, 03:47
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  • 3 Haziran 2022, 13:02
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  • 20 Haziran 2022, 07:44
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    Ηello all, guyѕǃ I knоw, my meѕsаgе may be too ѕресіfiс,
    But mу sister found nіce man here аnd thеу marriеd, sо hоw аbоut me?ǃ 🙂
    Ι am 26 уеаrѕ old, Iѕabellа, frоm Rоmаnіа, Ι know Engliѕh and Germаn lаnguаges аlѕo
    Аnd… Ι hаvе specifіс diѕеasе, namеd nymphomаniа. Ԝhо knоw what iѕ thiѕ, сan underѕtаnd me (bеtter to ѕаy it іmmеdiatеly)
    Аh yеѕ, Ι сook very tаsty! and I lоve nоt only coоk ;))
    Ιm reаl girl, nоt proѕtitute, and loоkіng fоr ѕеriouѕ аnd hot relаtіоnѕhiр…
    Аnywaу, уоu can fіnd mу рrofile herе: http://sajusruredy.tk/user/16560/

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